The Five tenets of Taekwon-do and what each one means

  • Ye Ui | Courtesy  
  • Treating others the way you want to be treated. Treating those around you with respect and consideration.

  • Yom Chi | Integrity
  • Being honest and trustworthy in all areas of your life.

  • In Nae | Perseverance
  • Sticking to a task until it is completed.

  • Guk Gi | Self-Control
  • Controlling your actions, mouth, and emotions.

  • Baekjul Bool Gool | Indomitable Spirit
  • Standing up for what is right, no matter who or how many stand against you. Being undaunted by any task or odds. 


student oath - I shall:


  • Observe the tenets of Taekwon-do
  • Respect instructors and seniors
  • Be a champion of freedom and justice
  • Build a more peaceful world
  • Never misuse Taekwondo


What the belt colors mean

  • White | Beginning
  • A seed of knowledge being planted.

  • Yellow | Foundation
  • Traditional building blocks of TaeKwon-Do.

  • Green | Development
  • Expansion of learning.

  • Blue | Understanding
  • Having a clearer perception of TaeKwon-Do training.

  • Red | Caution
  • Danger resulting from using techniques not fully understood, due to short training time.

  • Black | Calmness
  • Confidence.  The opposite of White, signifying maturity, being impervious to fear and darkness. 


Titles of Instructors

  • Boo Sabum Nim | First through third degree.
  • Sabum Nim | Fourth through sixth degree.
  • Sa Hyung Nim | Seventh through eighth degree.
  • Sa Sung Nim | Ninth degree.
  • Jung Se Jae Nim | Founder.
  • Jung Jae Nim | President. 


TaekwonDo family tree

 Your TaeKwon-Do family treat (part of the green belt verbal) consists of you, your instructor - Master Carol Van Zile, her instructor, Grand Master Robert N. Wheatley, Grand Master and President Choi, Jung Hwa, and his instructor and father General Choi, Hong Hi. 


Concepts for Good Students


  • Learning Never tire of learning. A good student can learn anywhere at any time. This is the secret of knowledge. A student must always be eager to learn and ask questions.
  • Sacrifice A good student must be willing to sacrifice for their art and their instructor. Many students feel their training is a commodity bought with monthly dues , and are unwilling to take part in demonstrations, teaching, and working around the do-jang,. An instructor can afford to lose this type of student.
  • Example Always set a good example for lower-ranking students. It is only natural they will attempt to emulate senior ranking students.
  • Loyalty Always be loyal and never criticize the instructor, TaeKwon-Do, or the teaching methods. If you disagree with your instructor on something, the private setting is the appropriate place to to discuss the disagreement. Never betray the instructor.
  • Techniques If an instructor teaches a technique, practice it and attempt to utilize it.
  • Conduct Remember that a student’s conduct outside the do-jang reflects on the art and the instructor.
  • Cross Training If a student adopts a technique from another do-jang and the instructor disapproves of it the student must discard it immediately or train at the gym where the technique was learned.
  • Respect Never be disrespectful to the instructor. Though a student is allowed to disagree with the instructor, the student must first follow the instruction and then discuss the matter later.


Theories of Power

Reaction Force A

A jet engine is pushed by the speed of the exhaust gases or action-reaction.

Reaction Force B

Two cars will crash head on or summation of forces.


The smaller the striking surface of the attacking tool, the greater the penetration, giving the same amount of energy.


Loss of balance and the elevation of the center of balance will reduce the amount of energy delivered to a target.

Breath Control A

Timing the contraction of the muscle groups with exhalation delivering and amplifying the power.

Breath Control B

By expelling air at each movement, we avoid the loss of energy.

Breath Control C

Ki-yap can unnerve an opponent.

Breath Control D

Ki-yap stiffens the body at the right moment to help withstand a blow.


Body weight adds to the delivered energy, provided all elements of the theory of power are observed.


The acceleration of the fist or foot does not damage a target. It is the sudden stop that occurs when the fist hits its target that imparts energy. Mass and time to target are crucial. 

Speed & Reflex

Any technique delivered faster than an opponent’s reaction time will strike its target without being blocked.

Speed & Strength

Application of plyometric principles (strength and speed training) greatly enhances the energy delivered to a target.